Nutrition of preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia after hospital discharge – Part II

Hercília Guimarães, Gustavo Rocha, M. Beatriz Guedes, Paula Guerra, Ana Isabel Silva, Susana Pissarra

Abstract


Preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia often present with severe growth failure at discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit. Catch-up growth accelerates after hospital discharge, nevertheless, feeding problems may need a specialized approach. Following the revision of the scientific literature on the most relevant aspects on nutrition of patients with bronchopulmonary dysplasia after hospital discharge in Part I, in this article the Authors present and discuss important issues such as catch up growth, swallow dysfunction, gastroesophageal reflux, and how to improve feeding competences.


Keywords


bronchopulmonary dysplasia; catch up growth; gastroesophageal reflux; swallow dysfunction; very low birth weight preterm infant

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