Nephrotoxic effects of aminoglycosides on the developing kidney

Samira Samiee-Zafarghandy, Johannes N. van den Anker

Abstract


Aminoglycosides are the most commonly used antibiotics in infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units. Despite their outstanding efficacy profile, aminoglycosides remain relatively toxic with a narrow therapeutic index and a potential to cause nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Although aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity has been the subject of multiple studies, the short- and long-term effect of aminoglycosides administration on the developing kidney of the fetus or premature newborn has not yet been determined. In this review the currently available evidence about the effects of aminoglycosides on the developing kidney and the mechanisms involved in aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity are presented.

 

Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Neonatology · Cagliari (Italy) · October 23rd-26th, 2013 · Learned lessons, changing practice and cutting-edge research


Keywords


aminoglycosides; nephrotoxicity; kidney; infants; fetuses; nephrogenesis

Full Text: PDF Number of abstract views: 3348 Number of PDF views/downloads: 5618

 

N.B. All JPNIM articles are accessible in Open Access. You can access the page containing the full PDF article just by clicking on the “Full Text: PDF” link at the bottom of the abstract page. On the full article page, if the article doesn’t load properly in the PDF view window, please wait a few seconds or click on the “Download this PDF file” link.

Technical advice. If you are using Firefox and you are experiencing problems, please set the browser preferences as follows: Firefox > Preferences > Advanced > General > Accessibility > deselect "Warn me when web sites try to redirect or reload the page".

Privacy Policy. English text: Privacy Policy; Italian text: Privacy Policy.

Cookie Policy. English text: Cookie Policy; Italian text: Cookie Policy.