Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine (JPNIM)

Official Journal UENPS (Union of European Neonatal & Perinatal Societies). Read the articles about JPNIM and UENPS here and here, read the Selected Abstracts of UENPS Congresses here


Official Journal UMEMPS (Union of Middle-Eastern and Mediterranean Pediatric Societies)

Union of Middle-Eastern and Mediterranean Pediatric Societies

Official Journal of the Portuguese Neonatal Society (affiliated to the Portuguese Paediatric Society)

Portuguese Neonatal Society

Official Journal of the Hellenic Neonatal Society (Ελληνική Νεογνολογική Εταιρεία)


Official Journal of the Italian-Romanian Pediatric Society (IRPS)


Official Journal SIN INF (Italian Neonatal Nursing Society, Società Italiana di Neonatologia Infermieristica)



The Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal which provides a forum on new perspectives in pediatric and neonatal medicine. The aim is to discuss and to bring readers up to date on the latest in research and clinical pediatrics and neonatology. Special emphasis is on the developmental origin of health and disease, perinatal programming and on the so-called ‘-omics’ sciences. Systems medicine blazes a revolutionary trail from reductionist to holistic medicine, from descriptive medicine to predictive medicine, from an epidemiological perspective to a personalized approach. The journal will be relevant to clinicians and researchers concerned with personalized care for newborns and children. Medical humanities will also be considered in a tailored way.


Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine

Journal Abbreviation: J Pediatr Neonat Individual Med

Journal Initials: JPNIM



Editor-in-Chief: Vassilios Fanos, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, “Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria” and University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy - Read the Curriculum Vitae of the Editor-in-Chief here

Associate Editors: Jacob V. Aranda (New York, USA), Jaques Belik (Toronto, Canada), Sergio Bernasconi (Parma, Italy), Giuseppe Buonocore (Siena, Italy), Antonio Del Vecchio (Bari, Italy), Gavino Faa (Cagliari, Italy), Enrico Ferrazzi (Milan, Italy), Hercília Guimarães (Porto, Portugal), Amir Lahav (Boston, USA), Antonino Morabito (Florence, Italy), Michele Mussap (Cagliari, Italy), Manuel Sanchez Luna (Madrid, Spain), Umberto Simeoni (Lausanne, Switzerland), John N. van den Anker (Washington, USA), Murat Yurdakök (Ankara, Turkey)

Editorial Board: Rino Agostiniani (Pistoia, Italy), Carlo Virginio Agostoni (Milan, Italy), Karel Allegaert (Leuven, Belgium), Gamal Samy Aly (Cairo, Egypt), Fani Anatolitou (Athens, Greece), Roberto Antonucci (Sassari, Italy), Luigi Atzori (Cagliari, Italy), Georgy Balla (Debrecen, Hungary), Giuseppe Banderali (Milan, Italy), Luigi Barberini (Cagliari, Italy), Doris Barcellona (Cagliari, Italy), Pier Paolo Bassareo (Dublin, Ireland), Enrico Bertino (Turin, Italy), Paolo Biban (Verona, Italy), Dorret Irene Boomsma (Amsterdam, the Netherlands), Luigi Cataldi (Rome, Italy), Antonina Igorevna Chubarova (Moscow, Russian Federation), Giovanni Corsello (Palermo, Italy), Laura Cuzzolin (Verona, Italy), Ernesto D’Aloja (Cagliari, Italy), Olivier Danhaive (San Francisco, USA), Carlo Dani (Florence, Italy), Gian Paolo Donzelli (Florence, Italy), Armando Faa (Cagliari, Italy), Daniela Fanni (Cagliari, Italy), Italo Farnetani (Milan, Italy), Caterina Ferreli (Cagliari, Italy), Boris Filipovic-Grcic (Zagreb, Croatia), Gabriele Finco (Cagliari, Italy), Diego Gazzolo (Alessandria, Italy), Mario Herrera-Marschitz (Santiago, Chile), Egbert Herting (Lübeck, Germany), Nicoletta Iacovidou (Athens, Greece), Neli Gueorgieva Jekova (Sofia, Bulgaria), Georgios Konstantinidis (Novi Sad, Serbia), Peter Krcho (Košice, Slovakia), Sorin Claudiu Man (Cluj-Napoca, Romania), Giovanni Montini (Milan, Italy), Corrado Moretti (Rome, Italy), Fabio Mosca (Milan, Italy), Antonio Noto (Cagliari, Italy), Eren Özek (Istanbul, Turkey), Memet Metin Özek (Istanbul, Turkey), Piermichele Paolillo (Rome, Italy), Giovanna Perricone (Palermo, Italy), Denis Pisano (Cagliari, Italy), Melania Puddu (Cagliari, Italy), Antonio Ragusa (Rome, Italy), Francesco Raimondi (Naples, Italy), Natella Rakhmanina (Washington, USA), Luca Antonio Ramenghi (Genoa, Italy), Mahmoud Rashad (Al Baha, Saudi Arabia), Kosmas Sarafidis (Thessaloniki, Greece), Mauro Stronati (Pavia, Italy), Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina (Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina), Jerzy Szczapa (Poznan, Poland), Rasa Tamelienė (Kaunas, Lithuania), Meow-Keong Thong (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia), Bart Van Overmeire (Bruxelles, Belgium), Heili Varendi (Tartu, Estonia), Liliana Susana Voto (Buenos Aires, Argentina), Marco Zaffanello (Verona, Italy), Massimiliano Zonza (Cagliari, Italy)

Editorial Manager of European, Mediterranean & Middle-Eastern Young Researchers: Plesca Doina Anca (Bucharest, Romania)

Associate Editors of European, Mediterranean & Middle-Eastern Young Researchers: Sertac Arslanoglu (Istanbul, Turkey), Alessandra Coscia (Turin, Italy), Angelica Dessì (Cagliari, Italy), Gianfranco Trapani (Sanremo, Italy)
Manager of Relationships with Scientific Societies: Salvatore Vendemmia (Aversa, Italy)



Serial Publication Number (ISSN online): 2281-0692

Publishing Frequency: six-monthly (2 issues/year)

First Issue's Date: October 2012

Publishing Mode: peer-reviewed, online, no-fee and Open Access

Open Access Policy: This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. In particular, all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute/print a copy for personal and non-commercial use, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is inspired by the BOAI (Budapest Open Access Initiative) definition of open access.

Academic re-use: Please note that authors have the opportunity to reuse figures, tables and selected text up to 250 words from their articles as finally published, providing that full and accurate credit shall be given to publication in JPNIM and that modifications are noted (otherwise no changes may be made). Translations are subject to the same rules. For all other academic re-use purposes, please send a request for permission to re-use material to; please state “Academic re-use” in the subject line of your email.

Commercial re-use: Whole article re-use or parts of them (in print or electronic copies) can be useful promotional tools at industry-specific exhibitions, workshops, conferences and meetings; they can also be used for commercial and marketing purposes by corporate sales representatives. Commercial re-use includes all uses of JPNIM articles for commercial, promotional, marketing or monetary purposes. Such re-use requires further explicit permission and will be subject to a fee. Commercial re-use includes: all the proactive supplies of multiple print or electronic copies of articles or parts of them taken from JPNIM to third parties on a systematic basis; re-use by a non-author/third party/other publisher of articles or parts of them in another print or electronic publication; re-use by authors of their articles or parts of them, as not otherwise specified in the “Academic re-use” section. Those wishing to re-use parts or all of an article or articles (in print or electronic copies) for commercial purposes are required to pay our commercial rates. Income received helps us to keep our journal freely accessible to readers and not to charge authors any fee for article processing. To request permission and obtain a quotation please contact; please state “Commercial re-use” in the subject line of your email.

Publishing systemOpen Journal Systems (OJS)

Author Guidelines: see this page

How to publish in JPNIM: You can publish in JPNIM free of charge: no payments are required from the Authors. JPNIM doesn’t have article submission charges nor article processing charges (APCs). To know the steps toward publishing in JPNIM in detail, please visit this page.

Metrics: CiteScore 2018 is 0.21 according to Scopus; SJR 2018 is 0.14 according to SJR - Scimago Journal & Country Rank; H5-index (2014-2018) is 9 according to Google Scholar.

CiteScoreSCImago Journal & Country Rank

Indexing: JPNIM articles are indexed in Scopus (coverage begins with Volume 5, Number 1, April 2016); JPNIM articles are indexed in the Emerging Sources Citation Index, which is a new index within the Clarivate Analytics’ (formerly Thomson Reuters’) Web of Science (coverage begins with Volume 4, Number 1, April 2015); all JPNIM's articles are indexed in Google Scholar (on Google Scholar you can also see JPNIM's h5-index); JPNIM is listed in SJR - Scimago Journal & Country Rank; essential data for each JPNIM's article are indexed by mEDRA (the multilingual European Registration Agency of Digital Object Identifiers - DOIs): DOIs are assigned to all JPNIM contents; JPNIM is listed in the NLM (National Library of Medicine) Catalog; JPNIM is listed and indexed in DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals); JPNIM is listed in ROAD (Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources); JPNIM is indexed in BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine); JPNIM is listed and indexed in the Harvard Library; JPNIM is listed and indexed in the Yale University Library; the current number of JPNIM is indexed in JournalTOCs (a database of scholarly journal Tables of Contents created by the Heriot-Watt University); JPNIM is listed in the browsable journals list maintained by HINARI (a programme set up by WHO together with major publishers, that enables low- and middle- income countries to gain access to one of the world's largest collections of biomedical and health literature); JPNIM is listed in Ulrichsweb (Ulrich's periodicals database: a global serials directory); JPNIM is indexed in SHERPA/RoMEO (database of publishers' policies on copyright and self-archiving); JPNIM is listed in WorldCat; JPNIM is listed in the list of free medical journals about pediatrics and adolescence of The Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research (GFMER); JPNIM is listed in the Electronic Journals Library of the Simon Fraser University; JPNIM is listed in the Library of the University of Hong Kong; JPNIM is listed in the Kyoto Woman University OPAC; JPNIM is listed in the University Library of the University of Saskatchewan; all JPNIM's articles are indexed in CORE – Collective Goods Research & Explore (the Library of Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods); JPNIM is listed in the GIGA Online Catalogue (of the German Institute of Global and Area Studies); JPNIM is listed in the WZB Electronic Journals Library (of the Social Science Research Center Berlin); JPNIM is listed in Universia – Biblioteca de recursos; JPNIM is listed in the British Library.

Archiving: Long-term preservation is ensured by Portico (a digital preservation and electronic archiving service which is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways).

Self-archiving: Authors can archive the published paper, i.e. publisher's version (the PDF published on the official journal's website) must be used; authors can archive it immediately (without any period of embargo); authors can archive it on their personal websites, institutional website and institutional repositories; authors are kindly encouraged to provide a link to the journal's website. Self-archive of preprint and postprint is not permitted instead. JPNIM's self-archiving policy is indexed in SHERPA/RoMEO.



Publisher: Hygeia Press di Corridori Marinella, via Rosas 39, 09045 Quartu Sant'Elena (CA), Italy -

Contact: JPNIM Staff -

Managing Editor: Eleonora Fanos

Copyright: © Hygeia Press

Authorization under Italian law: Aut. Trib. Cagliari n. 16/12 del 07/06/2012, iscrizione ROC n. 22729 del 10/07/2012




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JPNIM is published by Hygeia Press, a publisher of essays on Medicine, Psychology, Bioethics and History of Medicine.

Interested in discovering our publications?

Here is a list of our main books!

Books in English

Metabolomics and Microbiomics: Personalized Medicine from the Fetus to the Adult • by Vassilios Fanos • this book, published by Academic Press (Elsevier), is a translation of a book originally published by us in Italian

Perinatal Pharmacology: Individualized Neonatal Therapy • edited by Jacob V. Aranda, Vassilios Fanos, John N. van den Anker

Developmental Nephrology: From Embryology to Metabolomics • edited by Vassilios Fanos, Robert L. Chevalier, Gavino Faa, Luigi Cataldi

Children of the Mother Goddess. History of Mediterranean Neonates • edited by Vassilios Fanos, Murat Yurdakök

Books in Italian

Sano intestino felice bambino. Intestino, cibo, batteri e benessere naturale • by Gianfranco Trapani e Vassilios Fanos

Come diventare genitori esperti in pochi giorni. Le risposte della pediatra alle domande più frequenti sul neonato • by Angelica Dessì

Medicina di precisione. Cellule, batteri, metaboliti, energia • by Vassilios Fanos

Dieta e microbiota. Alimenti, batteri, probiotici e salute • by Vassilios Fanos

Metabolomica e microbiomica. La medicina personalizzata dal feto all’adulto • by Vassilios Fanos

Focus IVU. Le infezioni delle vie urinarie in pediatria • edited by Vassilios Fanos, Giovanni Montini

I gemelli. Un profilo di medicina perinatale e pediatrica • edited by Giovanni Corsello

Argomenti di neuropsichiatria infantile • by Chiara Ciampi, Marzia Guarnieri

La sperimentazione clinica sull’uomo. Normativa e Istituti di controllo • by Ilaria Del Giglio

Medical humanities in infermieristica neonatale • edited by Massimiliano Zonza

La responsabilità infermieristica. Il manuale dell’infermiere professionale. Diritto, deontologia e casi pratici • by Lucia Poli, Roberta Sardos Albertini, Ilaria Del Giglio

La depressione post partum. Cause, sintomi e diagnosi • edited by Vassilios Fanos, Thamianos Fanos

La depressione 0-14 anni • edited by Chiara Ciampi, Marzia Guarnieri

Codice materno • edited by Chiara Ciampi, Marzia Guarnieri

L’infanzia tra storia e mito • by Vassilios Fanos, Eleonora Fanos, Raffaella Mormile, Marinella Corridori

Figli della Dea Madre. Storia dei neonati nel Mediterraneo • edited by Vassilios Fanos, Murat Yurdakök

Il padre contemporaneo • edited by Marinella Corridori, Thamianos Fanos e Vassilios Fanos

(Note: some of these links are affiliation links. As an Amazon Affiliate, Hygeia Press earns advertising fees for qualifying purchases; Amazon and Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc. or its affiliates • Nota: Alcuni di questi link sono link di affiliazione. In qualità di Affiliato Amazon, Hygeia Press riceve un guadagno per ciascun acquisto idoneo; Amazon e il logo Amazon sono marchi registrati di, Inc. o delle sue affiliate)





We are updating our website!

We are pleased to announce that JPNIM website will be revised for ease of navigation and access in June and July 2020.

Please note that this could lead to a delay in the articles' publication.

If you experience any problems in submitting a manuscript, please email it to the Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Vassilios Fanos (, and make sure it is correctly received.

We apologize for any inconvenience.
Posted: 2020-06-06 More...
More Announcements...

Vol 9, No 2 (2020): October 2020 - Advance Publication

Table of Contents


MEDNIK syndrome: a new entry in the spectrum of inborn errors of copper metabolism PDF
Gavino Faa, Clara Gerosa, Massimo Castagnola e090202
The importance of laboratory medicine in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: a challenge for patients, pediatricians, obstetricians, and clinical pathologists PDF
Michele Mussap e090201
Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2: numbers matter! PDF
Giorgia Casti, Pier Paolo Bassareo, Marco Limone, Filippo Pistolesi, Vassilios Fanos, Maria Antonietta Marcialis e090203
Impact of acute cardiovascular collapse on cerebral electrical activity: importance of heart-brain interaction PDF
Kristin L. Riley, Heidi M. Harmon, Brady A. Thomas, Adrianne R. Bischoff, Regan E. Giesinger, Patrick J. McNamara e090205
Venous thrombosis in a 36-day-old infant with transposition of the great arteries and supraventricular tachycardia PDF
Rand Abdul Haleem Almuhyi e090204


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